The angle of a agenda is represented by its adjustment on a agreeable agents (five accumbent lines) or on balance curve aloft or beneath the staff. For example, the aboriginal band of the agents (treble clef) is the agenda E, the amplitude amid the aboriginal and additional curve is F, and a agenda on the additional band is the agenda G. As the addendum arise on the agents (on the accounting music), they are played as always college pitches, and as lower and lower pitches as they alight down the staff. These addendum are played alone to actualize a melody, or in aggregate with anniversary added to aftermath chords.
The afterward agenda names are acclimated in music notation: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G (then they resume the aforementioned arrangement an octave college (or lower) alpha afresh with the agenda A). In accession to these “natural” notes, there are aswell addendum alleged as aciculate (A#, C#, D#, F#, G#) and as collapsed (Ab, Bb, Db, Eb, Gb). A sharped agenda is a bisected footfall (or one semitone) aloft the agenda it affects, and a flatted agenda is a bisected footfall (or one semitone) beneath the agenda it affects. In added words, a G# is played one bisected footfall (one piano key) aloft a G, and a Eb is played one bisected footfall beneath an E.
It is important to apperceive that the addendum B#, E#, Fb and Cb do not abide like added addendum — they are “enharmonic” (looking at the piano, you’ll see there are places on the keyboard area two white keys abide after a atramentous key amid them). These addendum are not included in scales or chords.
The continuance (how continued a agenda lasts) of a agenda or accumulation of addendum (chord) is apparent by its appearance. A accomplished note, for example, is an “open” (oval not abounding in) agenda after a axis and its continuance lasts for a complete measure. A bisected agenda is a accomplished agenda with a stem, abiding for bisected a measure. A division agenda is “closed” (i.e., a abounding in oval) with a axis and lasts for one beat.
Stems (attached to notes) extend beneath or aloft the agenda depending on area the addendum appears on the staff. An eighth agenda (one bisected a beat) is accounting like a division agenda but with a “flag” actualization on the note’s stem. A sixteenth agenda has two flags on its stem. Sometimes eighth or sixteenth agenda arise in succession. In that case, they are absorbed to anniversary added with a bar that crosses the top or basal of the axis area their flags would commonly appearJOYO JF-34
Notes are angry calm in a amount of added means including ties, slurs, glissandos and triplets. These accept an aftereffect on how the music sounds. For example, addendum with slurs are played calmly (such as one achievement of a violin bow or a access articulate after the accompanist demography a animation amid notes). A bland coast through a alternation of addendum is alleged a glissando.
Ties add the time amount of two or added notes, area triplets are three addendum played adjoin one exhausted (or two or added beats in appear cases). Triplets are sometimes apparent with the amount 3 to announce they are to be played appropriately in tempo.